Revision Exercise for Units 16-18

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Further Study

Rev. Units 13-15

Rev. Units 19-21

Rev. Key 16-18

1 Give the adverbs corresponding to the following adjectives:

pulcher, fortis, malus, durus, bonus, malignus, facilis, tutus, ferox.

2 Translate the following, assuming (a) that the subject of said is speaking of himself, (b) that he is not:

He said that he was sick.
        that he would go to Rome.
        that he had been to Athens.
        that he would be in command of the legion.
        that he had been aroused (concito) by the Gauls.
        that he was being aroused by the Germans.

3 Give, in Latin and English, the direct speech forms (i.e. what the speaker actually said) for each of your answers to the last question.

4 Translate into Latin, using the gerund or gerundive as appropriate:

He must not do this. You must not despair. We must say that. The girl must run. The soldier must carry the swords. The art of speaking is difficult. You must come to Rome. By reading they become good pupils. He came to seek peace. We must hear the consul. Caesar had a wall built. I did not go to kill Caesar. The gift had to be received.

5 Translate into Latin:

(i) They were so stupid that I thought they would prefer Nero to Seneca.

(ii) Do you think that Fabius ought to have done this?

(iii) Caesar says that, when the enemy were attacking, he had to do everything at the one time.

(iv) Who says that wisdom is not the art of living well?

(v) Since the city had been captured we had to flee to the mountains.

(vi) When he came to Italy Hannibal made so great a war that Rome itself had to be defended by arms.

(vii) As soon as I came to Asia I said to Cicero that we must buy five trumpets.

(viii) When Orpheus was singing, animals used to be so moved that they wept.

(ix) When the night is silent the stars see me reading the books of Vergil.

(x) Since there is an opportunity of returning to Britain I think you should come with me immediately.

List of words:

animal, ars, astrum, cano, curro, despero, discipulus, donum, emo, fugio, lacrimo, liber, loquor, moveo, nox, occasus, oppugno, praefero, puto, redeo, sapientia, statim, stultus, taceo, tempus, tuba, vivo.

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(c) Gavin Betts 2000