Key to Reading Unit 6

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Unit Key 5

Unit Key 7

Unit 6

  1. People of the Italian race used to live there.

  2. Lucius Domitius belonged to (lit. was of) the senatorial order.

  3. Unwilling, o queen, I went from your shore. (Vergil, Aeneid, VI, 460; on Vergil see 8.2)

  4. Marcus Messala was [a man] of much labour and much activity (i.e. capable of much labour and much activity).

  5. He has a fair body but a black soul.

  6. Your style is [the result] of much sweat.

  7. Black care sits behind the horseman. (Horace, Odes, III, 1, 40; on Horace see 12.2)

  8. A good leader makes a soldier good.

  9. A witty companion is as good as a carriage (lit. is instead of a carriage).

  10. Thieves love the dark.

  11. A person adorns a place, not a place a person.

  12. Libyan lions rush against bulls; they do not trouble (lit. are not troublesome to) butterflies (i.e. aggressors attack the great, they do not trouble unimportant people).

  13. Forgetting is the cure for injuries.

  14. Troubles bring on old age quickly.

  15. Laws are silent among weapons.

  16. It is [the task] of a judge to enunciate the law, not to make (lit. give) it.

  17. The highest law is often the highest evil.

  18. The mother of a timid man is not accustomed to weep (because he never puts himself in a dangerous situation).

  19. Necessity comes (lit. is) before reason.

  20. Necessity has no law.

  21. Truth is the mother of justice.

  22. The voice of the people is the voice of God. (Alcuin, Epistulae, 127; Alcuin (c. AD 730-804) was one of the most important teachers of the Middle Ages in western Europe)

  23. You are prodding a lion.

  24. Man is a wolf to man.

  25. The cart is drawing the ox.

  26. Speech is the bond of society.

  27. Many are lions in peace [but] deer in war.

  28. Death is certain, [its] hour is uncertain.

  29. Poets and painters are free (i.e. they can say or paint what they like but the rest of us are subject to laws).

  30. Length of time (lit. a long [period of] time) spoils stone.

  31. Man proposes but God disposes.

  32. Repetition is the mother of studies.

  33. The name is an omen (used of events where a particular name seems to have indicated a result or some aspect of it, e.g. the Reverend Nutty finds religious images in the mould of the damp walls of his church).

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(c) Gavin Betts 2000