Unit Key 13
Unit Key 15
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Pharus is a tower on an island, of great height [and] built with remarkable skill (operibus pl. for s.); it (lit. which) has taken its name from the island. This island, lying opposite Alexandria, forms a harbour; but through piles thrown into the sea by earlier kings for a distance of 900 paces (i.e. nine tenths of a Roman mile) it is joined to the city by a narrow road and bridge. In this island are houses of Egyptians and a village; and any ships which deviate a little from their course through carelessness or a storm they seize in the manner of pirates (lit. what ships . . . these they seize). However, if those who hold Pharus are hostile (lit. those by whom Pharus is held [being] unwilling) ships cannot enter the harbour (lit. there is not an entrance for ships into the harbour) on account of the narrow channel. (Caesar, de Bello Civili, III, 112, 1-4 adapted)
The nature of the place which our men had chosen was as follows (lit. was this): a hill sloping evenly from its peak ran down to the River Sabis (modern Sambre), which we mentioned above. From this river a hill, opposite the other (lit. to this [hill]) and facing [it], rose with a similar slope, wooded in (lit. from) its higher part. Within these woods the enemy kept themselves in hiding; on the open ground along the river a few pickets of horsemen were [to be] seen. The depth of the river was about three feet. (Caesar, de Bello Gallico, II, 18 adapted)
- An angry lover tells himself many lies.
- A fool says foolish things
- A sure friend is perceived in an unsure situation.
- Laws sometimes sleep, they never die.
- Good laws are produced as a result of (lit. from) bad customs.
- Fire is not extinguished by fire (igni is ablative - see 7.1/1 note 1).
- A mountain can not be combined with a[nother] mountain (lit. is not mixed with; i.e. two eminent people cannot work together in complete unison).
- Each follows the seeds of his own nature. (Propertius, III, 9, 20)
- Not only is Fortune herself blind but often she makes blind even those whom she has embraced.
- All do not admire and love the same things.
- An evil is never cured by an evil nor a wound by a wound.
- Danger is never overcome without danger
- Comedy and tragedy are made up from the same alphabet (lit. letters; componitur is singular because it agrees with the nearer subject; the meaning is that comic drama and tragic drama are made from the same basic elements).
- Ill will follows after glory.
- A loss that is not known is not a loss (lit. is not lost).
- Each door is opened with gold.
- Through concord small things grow, through discord the greatest [things] disintegrate.
- What is not learnt in youth is not known in mature age.
- The sea is not normally aroused without winds.
- He is leading unwilling dogs to hunt (venatum is supine).
- Love is born from sight.
- Even the gods are won over by gifts.
- A tail gives evidence about a fox.
- Any speech has no power when gold is speaking (i.e. when the person addressed has been bribed).
(c) Gavin Betts 2000